Imagine you’re part of a group of 10 friends at a restaurant to celebrate the holidays. Everyone else arrives on time and enjoys cocktails, appetizers and a main course, while you get stuck in traffic and barely make it in time for dessert. At the end of the meal, the server brings 10 separate bills, each for the same amount. “But I only had a slice of pie!” you complain. “Why am I paying for a full meal?” If you’re an ETF or mutual fund investor who makes a large purchase in December, you may end up feeling the same way. That’s because some funds distribute capital gains at the end of the year, and you’re on the hook for the taxes whether you’ve held the fund for a couple of weeks or the full 12 months. (Note this only applies to non-registered accounts: you don’t need to worry if you’re using only RRSPs and TFSAs.) Giving them the slip Let’s back up and review why this happens. Mutual funds and ETFs occasionally sell investments that have increased in value, resulting in capital gains. Over the course of the year, a fund may also do some tax-loss harvesting to realize losses that can offset some or all of those gains.